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Students with Disabilities/Section 504 Plans

Section 504 Plans

Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act was the first disability civil rights law to be enacted in the United States. It prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in programs that receive federal financial assistance, which includes all K-12 public education, and set the stage for enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

A student with a disability under Section 504 is one who has a physical or mental impairment (i.e. Diabetes, asthma, bipolar disorder, etc.) that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Major life activities include, but are not limited to caring for ones self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning and working.

A parent/guardian who believes that their student may have a disability under Section 504 must contact the Principal or 504 Coordinator of the school to arrange for a Student Study Team (SST) meeting to evaluate the student’s need for a 504 accommodation plan. The principal, regular education teaching staff and other staff designated on the 504 Team, are responsible for implementing and modifying the 504 Plan.

504 Coordinators

RIGHTS & SAFEGUARDS

Home and Hospital Instruction for Temporary Disability

 

The purpose of home and hospital instruction is to provide instruction to a student with a temporary disability in the student's home or in a hospital or other residential health facility, excluding state hospitals.

A temporary disability is defined as a physical, mental or emotional disability incurred while a student is enrolled in regular day classes or an alternative education program, and after which the student can reasonably be expected to return to regular day classes or the alternative education program without special intervention.

A temporary disability does not include a disability for which a student is identified as an individual with exceptional needs pursuant to California Education Code (EC) Section 56026.

It is the primary responsibility of the parent or guardian of a student with a temporary disability to notify the school district in which the student is deemed to reside of the student’s presence in a qualifying hospital. Within five working days following notification from the parent or guardian, the school district shall determine whether the student will be able to receive individualized instruction, and, if the determination is positive, when the individualized instruction may begin. Individualized instruction shall start no later than five working days after the positive determination has been made. (EC Section 48208)

Home and Hospital Instruction is not a complete educational program and is not comparable to a comprehensive school program.  

Home and Hospital Instruction serves students with a temporary disability (EC Section 48206.3[b][2]) that makes attendance in the regular day classes or alternative education program in which the student is enrolled impossible or inadvisable, excluding students with “exceptional needs” (EC Section 56026).

The primary outcome of Home and Hospital Instruction is to maintain a student at the student’s former level of performance while recovering from the temporary disability so as not to jeopardize the student’s future performance upon returning to a regular day class or alternative education program.